Clovers are an important part of pastoral farming in New Zealand, providing a source of nitrogen to support sustainable pasture-based systems. In addition to fixing nitrogen, clovers are a high-quality feed delivering good animal performance and assisting with pasture management.
Subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum) is a prostrate annual clover well-suited to true dryland environments where white clover struggles to persist.
White clover is the most important and widely-grown legume in New Zealand pastures, suited to a wide range of soil types and environmental conditions. As a species, white clover has a fibrous root structure that spreads and persists in a pasture by the production, branching and rooting down of stolons that run across the soil surface. White clover offers high feed quality, improved pasture management and the ability to fix nitrogen (N) at rates of 25 kgN per tonne of dry matter grown.
Bred to cope with more challenging environments from variable soil fertility to variable moisture availability, Hilltop is a very robust and persistent small-medium leaf white clover.
Legacy is a high performing, large leaf white clover well suited to rotational grazing in both dairy and drystock cattle systems. Dry matter yield strengthens over time.
A persistent white clover with broad adaptability across environments and farm systems. Quartz performs well under dairy, sheep and beef grazing management. A high yielding clover with good stolon density that provides excellent persistence.
Balansa clover (Trifolium balansae) is an annual clover offering strong spring production, excellent quality and the ability to tolerate waterlogged soils.
Red clover is another important legume in New Zealand farming systems, either in pasture mixes or as a speciality multi-year crop. In comparison to white clover, red clover is taprooted and does not spread via stolons. This deep taproot gives red clover a greater tolerance of summer dry conditions and provides significantly higher dry matter production during these periods than white clover.